US dollar set for second consecutive monthly loss vs euro and pound, yuan slips

LONDON: The dollar came under pressure on Monday, heading for its second consecutive monthly loss against the euro and the pound, as traders assessed the impact of a surge in U.S. inflation before monthly jobs data later this week.

The dollar index of major currencies fell 0.03 per cent to 90.058 at 1127 GMT. On Friday, data showing a key measure of U.S. inflation at a 29-year high briefly boosted the dollar to a two-week high.

The euro was flat at $1.2189, off Friday’s low of $1.2133. The British pound edged 0.1 per cent lower at $1.4178.

In holiday-thinned trade, investors weighed the impact on U.S. assets of rising price pressures and a dovish Fed. Despite rising inflation, markets don’t expect a rate hike well into the back end of 2022.

The core PCE price index vaulted 3.1 per cent on Friday, the largest annual gain since July 1992, due to a recovery from the pandemic and various supply disruptions.

The market considers the current inflation levels in the U.S. to be transitional. Next year’s U.S. inflation will remain at 2.5 per cent, Ulrich Leuchtmann, Commerzbank‘s head of FX and commodity research wrote in a note.

“That does not make it any easier pricing USD,” he said. “Until we have more clarity the dollar is likely to have found a good balance at current levels”.

Speculators increased their bets against the dollar last week with U.S. dollar short positions hitting a 2-1/2 month high.

The Chinese yuan hit a three-year high against the dollar before falling back following a chorus of warnings from Chinese officials against speculative bets on the currency.

The offshore yuan changed hands at 6.3741 per dollar after touching overnight its highest since May 2018 of 6.3553 per dollar.

In volatile cryptocurrencies, bitcoin was 3.7 per cent higher at $36,978. Ether rose 7.7 per cent to $2,576.

The main event of the week will be U.S. payrolls on Friday with median forecasts at 650,000 but the outcome is uncertain following April’s shockingly weak 266,000 gain.

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